I found a really cool website with a fun breakdown of what was going on at the trial. So I will post some excerpts here. If you have a second go and read the entire article. I am going to continue to read it as we progress through this trial.

https://gracevalley.org/sermon/pauls-defense-before-felix/

Who is Felix the Judge:
According to the historian Tacitus, Felix was a master of cruelty and lust, who exercised the powers of a king with the spirit of a slave. The period in which he governed Judea, 52-59 A.D., was characterized by severe unrest and uprisings. During his reign Felix crucified thousands of people and was thoroughly hated by the Jews. As one given to power, glory, and pleasure, Felix would do anything to amass wealth for himself.

Felix was married to a young woman named Drusilla, who was nineteen years old at the time of Paul’s trial. Drusilla and Felix had one son, Agrippa, who perished when Vesuvius erupted in 79 A.D. at Pompeii. In A.D. 57, when she was nineteen, along with her husband Felix, Drusilla heard the gospel from the mouth of the apostle Paul.

The Prosecution:
Ananias-the greedy, cruel, violent man who was high priest at that time.
Tertullus, who was a professional orator, trained in Roman law and well-versed in Latin. Probably a Jew from the Diaspora, Tertullus was the spin doctor of his time.

The Prosecutions Argument:
Tertullus began his prosecution of Paul by flattering Felix in an attempt to get into his good graces. As we read his words, we notice that whatever Tertullus said of Felix was the exact opposite of the truth we know about Felix from history. For example, in Acts 24:2 Tertullus said, “We have enjoyed a long period of peace under you. . . .” This was a lie, as we said before. Felix’s reign was characterized by unrest and uprisings. Tertullus continued, “and your foresight has brought about reforms in this nation.” This was another lie. Felix was not a reformer. Tertullus continued, “Everywhere and in every way, most excellent Felix, we acknowledge this with profound gratitude.” These were all lies from the lips of the lawyer Tertullus.

The Lies against Paul:
1. Troublemaker of the Roman world.
2. Ringleader of the Nazarene sect.
3. Desecrator of the temple.

Not only that, as a spin doctor, Tertullus said in verse 6, “So we seized him.” This was also a false statement. They had seized Paul in the temple, dragged him out, closed the gates, and were beating him to death when the commander rescued him.

Paul’s Defense:
In Acts 24:10 we read, “When the governor motioned for him to speak, Paul replied. . . .” Notice, Paul did not engage in flattery as he addressed the wicked, cruel judge, Felix. He simply stated the facts. Paul began, “I know that for a number of years you have been a judge over this nation. . . .” This was true. Felix had been governing Judea since 52 and it was now 57 A.D. Paul continued, “so I gladly make my defense.”